MENGUJI KHARISMA KYAI DALAM KEHIDUPAN MASYARAKAT MADURA JEMBER JAWA TIMUR

Al Khanif Al Khanif

Abstract


Charisma of kyai has been facing more socio-cultural challenge over
time due to the development of society. The intervention of government
to eliminate poverty and enhance the quality of education, globalization,
modernization as well as the change of paradigm within society has
influenced paternalistic tradition. However, the role of kyai in Madurese
society has performed differently. In socio-cultural tradition, kyai has
still played significant role to shape people’s understanding about world
view especially on religious and cultural values. Additionally, kyai has
also still influenced people’s political view and even has more power to
shape its society by challenging its organization structural hirearkhy.
This paper comes with conclusion that kyai for Madurese people is still
charismatic because they have extra ordinary knowledge to response
social problem. Additionally, people perceive kyai as a representative of
creative minority group.


Keywords


Charisma, Kyai, Madurese, Power

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18326/infsl3.v5i1.121-146

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